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Medications That Influence Visual Functioning

MEDICATIONS FOR ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

Medication Name Brand Name Side Effects
Pemoline Cylert nystagmus

oculogyric crisis

 

MEDICATIONS FOR SPASTICITYAND MOVEMENT DISORDERS

Medication Name Brand Name Side Effects
Trihexyphenidyl hydrocholoride Artane dilation of the pupil

blurred vision

angle-closure glaucoma (with long-term treatment)

Dantrolene sodium Dantrium visual disturbance

diplopia

excessive tearing

Baclofen Lioresal abnormal vision

abnormal accommodation

diplopia

Carbidopa/levodopa Sinemet oculogyric crises

diplopia

blurred vision

dilated pupils

blepharospasm

Diazepam Valium blurred vision
Tizanidine Zanaflex amblyopia

blurred vision

MEDICATIONS FOR SEIZURE MANAGEMENT

Medication Brand Name Side Effects
Felbamate Felbatol diplopia

abnormal vision

Tiagabine Gabitril nystagmus

strabismus

amblyopia

Levetiracetam Keppra diplopia
Vigabatrin Sabril loss of vision
Ethosuxamide Zarontin myopia
Zonisamide Zonegran diplopia

amblyopia

visual field defect

glaucoma

photophobia

iritis

MEDICATIONS FOR ALLERGIES

Medication Brand Name Side Effects
Cetirizine Zyrtec ptosis

syncope

tremor

twitching

vertigo

visual field defect

blindness

conjunctivitis

eye pain

glaucoma

loss of accommodation

ocular hemorrhage

xerophthalmia

 

MEDICATIONS FOR DROOLING

Medication

Brand Name

Side Effects

Trihexyphenidyl Artane ptosis

syncope

tremor

twitching

vertigo

visual field defect

blindness

conjunctivitis

eye pain

glaucoma

loss of accommodation

ocular hemorrhage

xerophthalmia

Glycopyrrolate Robinul blurred vision

dilatation of the pupil

cycloplegia

Scopolamine   mydriasis

cycloplegia

MEDICATIONS FOR NEUROGENIC BLADDER

Medication Brand Name Side Effects
Oxybutynin Ditropan amblyopia

cycloplegia

decreased lacrimation

mydriasis

blurred vision

MEDICATIONS FOR GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE

Medication Brand Name Side Effects
Ranitidine Zantac blurred vision

 

References

Teplin, S., & Alexander, J. (2003). Medications that influence visual functioning. Chapel Hill, NC: Early Intervention Training Center for Infants and Toddlers With Visual Impairments, FPG Child Development Institute, UNC-CH.

Mosby, Inc. (2003). Mosby's drug consult. Retrieved May 2, 2003, from http://home.mdconsult.com/das/drug/view/28204821

Visual Conditions Module 06/06/04

S4 Handout I

EIVI-FPG Child Development Institute

UNC-CH

http://www.fpg.unc.edu/~edin/