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Visual Condition Observation

Participant Version

The purpose of this activity is to observe the visual, behavioral, and developmental differences of children with the same visual condition.


The instructor may structure this activity in several ways based on time constraints and participant knowledge and experience. Participants may choose to complete the observations in pairs; however, each participant should complete his or her own paper describing thoughts about the observations.

  1. Participants may choose to complete the assignment with infants and toddlers on their current caseloads, or they may team up with TVIs serving infants and toddlers in their community. If TVIs are not available, they may complete the observations with early interventionists serving infants and toddlers with visual impairments.
  2. Participants should observe two children with the same visual condition. Ideally, the children should be close in age. Instructors may choose to limit the observations to children with ROP, ONH, or CVI or may allow the students to observe any two students with the same diagnosis.
  3. Participants should complete a two- to three-page paper addressing the following issues:
    1. A brief summary of the visual condition, including its prevalence in children under age 3 years in the United States, and a description of how vision is affected by the visual condition, including structures of the eye that are affected, optic nerve involvement, and brain involvement.
    2. How did the children appear to use their vision?
    3. What visual behaviors were observed in each child?
    4. What adaptations or modifications were observed to enhance the child's visual functioning?
    5. What similarities were observed in the children's vision and development?
    6. What differences were observed in the children's vision and development?
    7. What implications do the similarities and differences observed in the children have on your practice or future practice as a TVI?

Visual Conditions Module 06/04/04

S3 Activity E: Participant Observation

EIVI-FPG Child Development Institute